Koshi Tappu: Where Adventure and Conservation Meet in Nepal's Lowlands

30, Apr 2023 | nepaltraveller.com

Koshi Tappu is a unique and important conservation area in Nepal, offering a glimpse into the country's rich biodiversity

Koshi Tappu is a protected wildlife reserve located in the eastern region of Nepal. It is situated in the lowlands of the Terai region, covering an area of 175 square kilometers. The reserve was established in 1976 with the aim of conserving the unique flora and fauna of the region, particularly the water birds and wild buffalo.

Koshi Tappu is named after the Koshi River, which is one of the major rivers in Nepal. The reserve is located at the confluence of the Koshi and Sapta Koshi rivers, and it is home to a wide variety of aquatic and terrestrial species. The reserve is known for its vast wetlands, grasslands, and riverine forests, which provide habitat for many endangered species.

The reserve is a bird watcher's paradise, with over 441 species of birds recorded in the area. The reserve is particularly known for its water birds, including the endangered Bengal florican, which is one of the rarest birds in the world. Other bird species found in the reserve include egrets, herons, ducks, and geese. The reserve is also home to the endangered Gharial crocodile, which can be seen basking in the sun on the sandbars of the Koshi River.

Koshi Tappu is also home to the wild water buffalo, which is a species that has been domesticated in other parts of the world. The wild water buffalo is listed as endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), and Koshi Tappu is one of the few places where it can be seen in the wild. The reserve is also home to other mammals, including the Gangetic dolphin, spotted deer, and wild boar.

Apart from its rich wildlife, Koshi Tappu is also a popular destination for outdoor enthusiasts. The reserve is ideal for rafting and kayaking, with the Koshi River offering challenging rapids for experienced paddlers. The reserve also has a network of walking trails that allow visitors to explore the area on foot.

Koshi Tappu is an important conservation area in Nepal, and the Nepalese government has made efforts to protect the reserve's unique flora and fauna. The reserve is managed by the Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation, which has implemented measures to prevent poaching and illegal logging. The local communities around the reserve have also been involved in conservation efforts, with programs aimed at raising awareness about the importance of protecting the area's biodiversity.

Koshi Tappu is a unique and important conservation area in Nepal, offering a glimpse into the country's rich biodiversity. The reserve's wetlands, grasslands, and riverine forests provide habitat for many endangered species, including the wild water buffalo and the Bengal florican. Koshi Tappu is a must-visit destination for birdwatchers and outdoor enthusiasts, and it is an excellent example of successful conservation efforts in Nepal.

photo credit: www.koshitappu.com, Adventure Geo Treks

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