Bibaha Panchami: When Ram and Sita got married

28, Nov 2022 |

Ram and Sita were married in Janakpur, the ancient Mithila kingdom’s capital city, and their union is still commemorated today

Today, Shree Ramchandra and Sita are worshipped and honoured as part of the Bibaha Panchami festival that is being observed all over the nation. It honours the union of the Hindu deities Ram and Sita, which took place during the Treta Yuga.

According to Hindu mythology, Sita’s father, King Janak of Mithila, suggested a strength test for a potential husband for his daughter—to lift the enormous bow of Lord Shiva. From afar came warriors, relatives, and chieftains, but no man could draw his bow. When Ram, a prince from ancient Adyopdhya, attempted to string the bow, it broke into pieces with ease.

Ram and Sita were married in Janakpur, the ancient Mithila kingdom’s capital city and their union is still commemorated today. Every year, a week-long religious festival includes the procession of Ram and Sita’s idols and a recreation of their Hindu wedding ceremony.

Bajagaja, jhanki, bhajan, kritan, and dance are performed during the festival. When the devotees see the janti and dola, they are overcome with emotion. The chariot pulling the bride and groom are taken on a procession with traditional music around Janakpur city after the Swayambar of Rand Sita, and the procession ends at the Janaki temple area.

The importance of Ram and Sita’s marriage remains the same today as it did then. Today, a sizable fair is being held on the grounds of Janaki temple, and the residents of Janakpur are carrying on the custom. 


Compiled by: Nikita Gautam

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